Weapons Offenses

What is Misconduct involving weapons in Arizona A.R.S. 13-3102?

A person commits misconduct involving weapons by knowingly in Arizona by:

  • Carrying a deadly weapon without a permit except a pocket knife concealed on his person;
  • Carrying a deadly weapon without a permit concealed within immediate control of any person in or on a means of transportation;
  • Manufacturing, possessing, transporting, selling or transferring a prohibited weapon, except that if the violation involves dry ice, a person commits misconduct involving weapons by knowingly possessing the dry ice with the intent to cause injury to or death of another person or to cause damage to the property of another person;
  • Possessing a deadly weapon or prohibited weapon if such person is a prohibited possessor;
  • Selling or transferring a deadly weapon to a prohibited possessor or Defacing a deadly weapon;
  • Possessing a defaced deadly weapon knowing the deadly weapon was defaced;
  • Using or possessing a deadly weapon during the commission of any felony offense;
  • Discharging a firearm at an occupied structure in order to assist, promote or further the interests of a criminal street gang, a criminal syndicate or a racketeering enterprise;
  • Unless specifically authorized by law, entering any public establishment or attending any public event and carrying a deadly weapon on his person after a reasonable request by the operator of the establishment or the sponsor of the event or the sponsor’s agent to remove his weapon and place it in the custody of the operator of the establishment or the sponsor of the event for temporary and secure storage of the weapon;
  • Unless specifically authorized by law, entering an election polling place on the day of any election carrying a deadly weapon;
  • Possessing a deadly weapon on school grounds; or Unless specifically authorized by law, entering a nuclear or hydroelectric generating station carrying a deadly weapon on his person or within the immediate control of any person;
  • Supplying, selling or giving possession or control of a firearm to another person if the person knows or has reason to know that the other person would use the firearm in the commission of any felony;
  • Using, possessing or exercising control over a deadly weapon in furtherance of any act of terrorism or possessing or exercising control over a deadly weapon knowing or having reason to know that it will be used to facilitate any act of terrorism. The best protection from the consequences of conviction is representation by an aggressive and experienced criminal defense lawyer.

The following are recognized in Arizona criminal law as exceptions and are criminal defenses to weapons charges:

  • Except to a person in his dwelling, on his business premises or on real property owned or leased by that person.
  • Except to: A peace officer or any person summoned by any peace officer to assist and while actually assisting in the performance of official duties; or A member of the military forces of the United States or of any state of the United States in the performance of official duties; or A warden, deputy warden or correctional officer of the state department of corrections; or A person specifically licensed, authorized or permitted pursuant to a statute of this state or of the United States.
  • Except to: The possessing, transporting, selling or transferring of weapons by a museum as a part of its collection or an educational institution for educational purposes or by an authorized employee of such museum or institution, if: (a) Such museum or institution is operated by the United States or this state or a political subdivision of this state, or by an organization described in the United States Code as a recipient of a charitable contribution; and (b) Reasonable precautions are taken with respect to theft or misuse of such material. The regular and lawful transporting as merchandise; or Acquisition by a person by operation of law such as by gift, devise or descent or in a fiduciary capacity as a recipient of the property or former property of an insolvent, incapacitated or deceased person.
  • Except to the merchandise of an authorized manufacturer of or dealer in prohibited weapons, when such material is intended to be manufactured, possessed, transported, sold or transferred solely for or to a dealer, a regularly constituted or appointed state, county or municipal police department or police officer, a detention facility, the military service of this or another state or the United States, a museum or educational institution or a person specifically licensed or permitted pursuant to federal or state law.
  • Except to a weapon or weapons carried in a belt holster that is wholly or partially visible, or carried in a scabbard or case designed for carrying weapons that is wholly or partially visible or carried in luggage. Also to a weapon or weapons carried in a case, holster, scabbard, pack or luggage that is carried within a means of transportation or within a storage compartment, map pocket, trunk or glove compartment of a means of transportation.
  • Except to shooting ranges or shooting events, hunting areas or similar locations or activities.
  • Except to a weapon, if such weapon is possessed for the purposes of preparing for, conducting or participating in lawful exhibitions, demonstrations, contests or athletic events involving the use of such weapon. Also to a weapon if such weapon is possessed for the purposes of preparing for, conducting or participating in hunter or firearm safety courses.
  • Except to the possession of a: Firearm that is not loaded and that is carried within a means of transportation under the control of an adult provided that if the adult leaves the means of transportation the firearm shall not be visible from the outside of the means of transportation and the means of transportation shall be locked. Firearm for use on the school grounds in a program approved by a school.

If one is accused or charged with a weapons offense and may have any of the above stated defenses to the charge, immediately contact a criminal defense attorney.

What is Unlawful discharge of firearms in Arizona A.R.S. 13-3107?

A person who with criminal negligence discharges a firearm within or into the limits of any municipality. Notwithstanding the fact that the offense involves the discharge of a deadly weapon, unless a dangerous offense is alleged and proven applies to this offense. The following paragraph explains the defenses to this law. If any of these defenses apply to one who has been accused or charged with this crime, immediately contact a criminal defense lawyer.

This section does not apply if the firearm is discharged

As allowed on a properly supervised range. In an area recommended as a hunting area by the Arizona game and fish department, approved and posted as required by the chief of police, but any such area may be closed when deemed unsafe by the chief of police or the director of the Arizona game and fish department. For the control of nuisance wildlife by permit from the Arizona game and fish department or the United States fish and wildlife service. By special permit of the chief of police of the municipality. As required by an animal control officer in the performance of duties. Using blanks. More than one mile from any occupied structure. In self-defense or defense of another person against an animal attack if a reasonable person would believe that deadly physical force against the animal is immediately necessary and reasonable under the circumstances to protect oneself or the other person.

“Municipality” means any city or town and includes any property that is fully enclosed within the city or town. “Properly supervised range” means a range that is any of the following:

  • Operated by a club affiliated with the national rifle association of America, the amateur trapshooting association, the national skeet association or any other nationally recognized shooting organization, or by any public or private school.
  • Approved by any agency of the federal government, this state or a county or city within which the range is located.
  • Operated with adult supervision for shooting air or carbon dioxide gas operated guns, or for shooting in underground ranges on private or public property.

What is Concealed weapons in Arizona A.R.S. 13-3112?

The department of public safety shall issue a permit to carry a concealed weapon to a person who is qualified under this section. The person shall carry the permit at all times when the person is in actual possession of the concealed weapon and shall present the permit for inspection to any law enforcement officer on request. A person who fails to carry the permit at all times that the person is in actual possession of a concealed weapon may have the permit suspended. The department of public safety shall be notified of all violations of this section and shall immediately suspend the permit. The permittee shall present the permit to the law enforcement agency or the court. On notification of the presentation of the permit, the department shall restore the permit.